Welcome to Our Community

Some features disabled for guests. Register Today.

Driving 2 Y axis steppers

Discussion in 'Motors' started by gwandad, May 3, 2016.

  1. gwandad

    gwandad Well-Known

    May 12, 2014
    Likes Received:
    This is a query, as I don't have a firm idea either way. The question is this: On my 3D printer the 2 Y steppers, assuming a single available driver, were simply wired in parallel, with one pair reversed to make it drive correctly. My later card had 4 drivers available so the Y steppers had a drive each. Which is better & why?
    Now on to my CNC Router. I have a breakout card with 4 stepper outputs and 4 separate drivers, but now I want to run a 4th axis, so back to one output for the 2 Y axis motors. Do I parallel them at the output of the driver, or do I parallel the inputs to 2 drivers, buy an extra driver, thereby giving the steppers a driver each? I don't think I've seen it mentioned in any construction presentation and I perused many..
    #1 gwandad, May 3, 2016
    Last edited: May 3, 2016
  2. dddman

    dddman Journeyman

    Mar 2, 2014
    Likes Received:
    Current wise, it is better to use a single driver per stepper, the driver might not be powerful enough to drive two steppers.

    I would parallel the output of the BOB and add another single driver.
  3. Rob Taylor

    Rob Taylor Veteran

    Dec 15, 2013
    Likes Received:
    On a single driver, if you don't have your current limiting set correctly, it could fry your driver. Even if you do, it could overload your driver's current capacity and you'll lose torque and skip steps. On a 3D printer, it probably isn't much of an issue, but on a router, where the motors are going to encounter resistance and draw current, definitely better to beef up your power electronics.
  4. OldDogSleeping


    Oct 22, 2015
    Likes Received:
    You can also wire two motors in series to a single driver, this way they get the same current, but effectively each get half the drive voltage. The lower voltage reduces the maximum speed you can run the motors. In my setup the series wired Y motors can still run at the maximum speed my controller (grbl) can produce steps .
    Joe Santarsiero likes this.

Share This Page

  • About Us

    The OpenBuilds Team is dedicated helping you to Dream it - Build it - Share it! Collaborate on our forums and be sure to visit the Part Store for all your Maker needs.

    [email protected]

  • Follow us on Instagram

  • Like us on Facebook

  • Support Open Source FairShare Program!

    OpenBuilds FairShare Give Back Program provides resources to Open Source projects, developers and schools around the world. Invest in your future by helping others develop their future.

    Donate to Open Source
  1. This site uses cookies to help personalise content, tailor your experience and to keep you logged in if you register.
    By continuing to use this site, you are consenting to our use of cookies.
    Dismiss Notice