This is a setup I've been using for years on my own machines and custom builds. If done right, you can use a regular shop-vac to power a CNC vacuum hold down table.
-Basic process involves having a solid sub-top (in this case 18mm baltic birch plywood) that is flat and level to your table frame.
-Use your CNC to cut a plenum grid that has 2" (on center) squares and diagonal lines running half of your outline. Shown here is a 4'x8' table that is split up into four 2'x4' "zones". Cut a through hole in the center of each "zone" you have made.
[*Pro Tip; surface your sub-top as large as you can to be true to your machine gantry!!]
-Plumb each "zone" separately with sch40 2" PVC pipe from the hardware store. Shown here, each zone port [hole] and pipe has an individual shut off valve. This is not needed for smaller tables!!
-Plumb the PVC pipe setup to a 6hp canister vacuum with filter and bag removed for maximum suction.
-Use 1/2 MDF for a spoilboard. Surface both sides before using. Air will be sucked through the MDF to hold down your work piece. Use tape along the edges of your work piece to ensure a good seal though.
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Hope you give it a try with great results. I have never been disappointed.
DIY Vacuum Hold Down table
A simple vacuum hold down/clamp set up using a 6hp canister vacuum.
- Build License:
- CC - Attribution - CC BY
Reason for this BuildBecause it just works.