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MGN12 Gantry On 20 Series Extrusion - Need Simple Design

Discussion in 'CNC Mills/Routers' started by Josh Reynolds, Jan 17, 2020.

  1. Josh Reynolds

    Builder

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    I am probably struggling so much with this because after buying a CNC 3018 recently, I dove into trying to build a DIY gantry-based CNC without much knowledge. I was very dissatisfied with the moving table for the Y axis, and the lack of rigidity using plastic parts for the frame in the CNC 3018 that I had.

    I am guessing that there is a simple solution to my problem, but I just need someone with the experience to shed light on it. I have scoured Ali Express, Ebay, Amazon, and even Google images for ideas trying to find the most simple examples of how to design a gantry driven with a lead screw using readily available, relatively inexpensive parts. My budget is maybe up to a few hundred dollars, for the frame and the linear motion system (not including electronics, spindle, motor control system, but definitely including the aluminum extrusion, linear rails, custom plates, standoffs, hardware, brackets, etc.)

    I see a lot of amazing gantry designs, but most of them seem to rely on custom plates that would eat up a good chunk of my budget, and they aren't always easy to change dimensions like the length of the axis and series of 8020 extrusion. So I the base of a gantry with two MGN12H blocks on each side that I think I could put together for a decent price, and still get decent performance. I'm nowhere near an expert, and if there is any waste, design flaws, or just a better alternative as far as price performance, please share your knowledge; it would be greatly appreciated!!

    I am still trying to work out how to connect the lead screw to the base of the gantry, so if you can help with that part of it, that would also be really helpful. I modeled this in Fusion360, and I can share the project if needed, but it's really messy because I am terrible at making joints and I am learning all of this on my own.

    Here is the base of the gantry:

    Capture.PNG
     
  2. Kevon Ritter

    Kevon Ritter Journeyman
    Builder

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    If you are going this far, you might as well go just a little further for the sake of ease of assembly and rigidity. Mounting an MGN15 will actually be easier than the MGN12. As for a design idea, you can turn the rail 90 degrees and put it on the side. You will save the short section as well as the 90 degree brackets. Less connections also means stronger joints.

    As for the dimensional adjustability, there really isn't any unless you crazy overbuild. Doubling the length of any given beam requires a quadrupled increase in rigidity. Not only that, but you would end up replacing a good chunk of your machine anyway. Build to the size you need. Don't worry about possible future ideas.
     

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